|Gadachrili Gora Site|
The Caucasian region continues offering undoubted samples about the origin of wine; what is not so clear is its antiquity, although the latest findings place the consumption of wine a millennium earlier than previously thought, in the Mesolithic period, therefore prior to the Neolithic, something really surprising. Until now experts believed that the oldest wine dates back to 7,000 years ago, according to the remains found in the Zagros mountains in Iran. But these recent discoveries seem to decant the origin of the wine in favor of Georgia; in any case, within the limits of the region known as the Caucasus.
In our article "Wine, more than a fashionable drink", we alluded to both geographical areas and gave as good the latest news about the origin of wine, between 5,000 and 6,000 years ago.
But the discovery of a group of archaeologists from the University of Toronto, who has carried out the excavations in collaboration with the National Museum of Georgia, has changed the history of the origin of wine.
|Vessel from the site|
Specifically, there have been 26 soil samples and some thirty fragments of pottery, belonging to vessels and containers, some of which could be up to one meter high and one meter wide. These pieces of pottery contained tartaric acid, the confirmation that the inhabitants of the area were engaged in making wine, specifically, white wine. The Caucasus, border land between Asia and Europe, was certainly an area where the wild vine was quite common, and within it, a species, "vinis vinifera", is responsible for giving the wine we know today.
The National Geographic magazine echoes the discovery in the Neolithic settlements (Gadachrili Gora and Shulaveris Gora) located about 50 kilometers south of Tbilisi, the capital of Georgia.
|A cluster of grapes on the vessel|